Full Scholarly Vita

VITA

 

Timothy D. Ludwig, Ph.D.

Department of Psychology

113 Smith-Wright Hall

Appalachian State University

Boone, NC   28608

(828) 262-2712

ludwigtd@appstate.edu

Safety-Doc.com

 Education

 

B.A., 1986, Lenoir-Rhyne College, Hickory, NC

M.A., 1988, Wake Forrest University, Winston Salem, NC

Ph.D., 1993, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), Blacksburg, VA

 

Honors and Awards

 

Behavior Based Master Certification in Behavioral Safety – ICPrev Srl Istituto di Certificazione per la Prevenzione, Italy, 2013

Power 101 Safety Leaders – Industrial Safety & Hygiene News, 2012

Organizational Behavior Management Network Outstanding Contribution Award, 2010

University of North Carolina Board of Governors Award for Excellence in Teaching, 2006

Arts and Sciences Academy of Outstanding Teachers, 2006

University Deans’ Distinguished Graduate Faculty Award, 2004

Student Government Association Outstanding Advisor Award, 2000

Arts and Sciences Academy of Outstanding Teachers, 1999

Student Government Association Teacher of the Year, 1997

Cunningham Dissertation Fellowship for Outstanding Research, Virginia Tech

Psi Chi National Honors Society in Psychology            Wake Forest University

Magna Cum Laude, Honors in Psychology                  Lenoir-Rhyne College

Psychology Award for Research                                   Lenoir-Rhyne College

 

Professional Positions

 

7/05-present. Professor, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC.

9/09-5/11.  Chairperson, Institutional Review Board (RIB), Appalachian State University.

5/00-6/05. Associate Professor, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC.

8/95-8/03.  Director, Industrial and Organizational Psychology - Human Resource Management (I/O-HRM) Graduate Program, Appalachian State University.

8/94-4/00.  Assistant Professor, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC.

6/92-8/94.  Research Scientist for the Virginia Quality and Productivity Center (VQPC), Department of Industrial Systems Engineering, Virginia Tech.  Director: Dr. D. Scott Sink.

 

Editorial Boards

 

2012 – present.  Moderator and Conference Board.  Behavioral Safety Now.

2009 – 2013.   Editor. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management.

2002-present. Editorial Board. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management.

2005, 2009, 2011.  Conference Co-Coordinator.  Organizational Behavior Management Conference. 

2003-2008.  Associate Editor. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management.

2006-2008.  OBM Section Senior Program Coordinator.  Association for Behavior Analysis International Annual Convention.

Guest Editor. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management (2002), 22 (2).  Special Issue:  Marketing OBM: Expanded Context and Language.

 

Professional Organizations

 

Organizational Behavior Management Network

Cambridge Center for Behavioral Studies                                

Association for Behavior Analysis

Society of Industrial/Organizational Psychologists

North Carolina Industrial/Organizational Psychologists

 

Professional Service

 

2014-present.  Board of Directors, Cambridge Center for Behavior Studies.

2008-present.  Trustee, Cambridge Center for Behavior Studies.

2006-present.  Commissioner, Cambridge Center for Behavior Studies’ Commission on Behavioral Applications- Behavioral Safety.

2010-2013.  Chris Anderson Research Grant review committee.

2004-2011 -Board of Directors, Organizational Behavior Management Network

2009, 2010, 2011 -National Institutes for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Health Effects Laboratory (HELD), Internal proposal Panel (HELD FY10 OAW5); NIOSH internal research manuscript review (TREB-MR-10-07)

2006-2008.  President, Organizational Behavior Management Network

2003-OBM Network Lifetime Achievement Award Committee

2001-National Institutes of Health, Special Emphasis Panel ZRG1 BBBP-2 (10)

 

Grants Funded: External

 

“Using safety agents to increase the use of helmets among bicyclists.” (1998).  Agency:  UNC Injury Prevention Research Center: Injury Control Faculty Small Grants Program.  Principle Investigator:  Timothy D. Ludwig.  Status:  Funded, $9,025, one year.

 

"Increasing Intervention Effectiveness for Driving Safety."  (1996-1998) Agency:  National Institute of Occupational Health and Safety.  Co-Principle Investigators:  E. Scott Geller & Timothy D. Ludwig.  Status:  Priority Score= 205, Accepted, Funded, $77,000, two years.

 

"Development of the Project Appraisal Methodology in Bank Loan Decision Making: Agreement between Resource Alternatives, Inc. and ASU for Materials Preparation."  (1995) Agency:  Resource Alternatives Inc.  Principle Investigator:  Timothy D. Ludwig.  Status:  Funded, $16,000, one year.

 Monographs and Books

 

Ludwig, T. D., & Houmanfar, R. (Ed.s) (2010).  Understanding Complexity in Organizations: Behavioral Systems.  Philadelphia: Routledge.

 

Ludwig, T.D., & Geller, E.S. (2000). Intervening to Improve the Safety of Delivery Drivers: A Systematic Behavioral Approach.  Monograph.  Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 19, 1-124.

Ludwig & Geller (2000) has been cited in the following textbooks:

Bailey, J.S. & Burch, M.R. (2002).  Research Methods in Applied Behavior Analysis. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Miller, L.K. (2006).  Principles of everyday behavior analysis.  Wadsworth: Belmont, CA.

      Adapted into book version:

Ludwig, T.D., & Geller, E.S. (2001). Intervening to Improve the Safety of Occupational Driving:  A Behavior Change Model and Review of Empirical Evidence.  Binghamton, NY: Haworth.

 

Scholarly Publications

 

Ludwig, T.D., Diener, L.H. (in preparation).  Behavioral Systems Analysis and Cross-Functional Communication at the Management Level

 

Copeland, J., & Ludwig. T.D. (under review).  Increasing Sales By Managing The Interlocking Contingencies Between Sales Representatives And Customers Using Behavioral Self-Monitoring.  Journal of Organizational Behavior Management.

 

Methot, L, Aguilera, C, Durgin, A., & Ludwig, T.D. (under review).  How well do Bestselling Books on Behavior Change Align with Behavior Analysis. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2015).  Organizational Behavior Management: An Enabler of Applied Behavior Analysis. In Falcomata, T.S., Ringdahl, J.E., & Roane, H. (Eds.), Clinical and Organizational Applications of Applied Behavior Analysis, 605-625.

 

Bogard, K., Ludwig, T.D., Staats, C., & Kretchmer, D. (2015).  An Industry’s Call to Understand the Contingencies involved in Process Safety:  Normalization of Deviance and Interlocking Contingencies.  Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 35, 70-80

 

Blasingame, A., Hale, S., & Ludwig, T.D. (2014). The Effects of Employee-led Process Design on Welder Set-Up Intervals. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 34(3), 207-222.  DOI: 10.1080/01608061.2014.944745.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2014).  The Anatomy of Pencil Whipping.  Professional Safety, 59, 47-50. 

 

Camden, M.C., & Ludwig, T.D. (2013).  Absenteeism in Health Care:  Using Metacontingency Feedback to Reinforce Attendance with Certified Nursing Assistants.  Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 33:3, 165-184. DOI: 10.1080/01608061.2013.814521

 

Frazier, C.B., Ludwig, T.D., Whitaker, B., & Roberts, D.S. (2013).  A Hierarchical Factor Analysis of a Safety Culture Survey.  Journal of Safety Research, 45, 15-28.

 

Ludwig, T.D., Carvelas, W., Engelbrecht, C. & McClintock, M. (2012).  Actively Caring for Africa (DRA Mineral Products) in E.S. Geller (Ed.), Actively Caring for People: Cultivating a Culture of Compassion (139-146).  Newport, VA: Make a Difference.

 

DeRiso, A., & Ludwig, T.D. (2012). Task Clarification of Cleaning and Restocking Behaviors for a Fine Dining Restaurant. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 32 (2), 140-151.

 

Ludwig, T.D., & Frazier, C.B. (2012).  Employee Engagement and Organizational Behavior Management.  Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 32 (1), 75-82.

 

Goomas, D.T., Smith, S.M. & Ludwig, T.D. (2011). Business Activity Monitoring: Real-time Group Goals and Feedback using an Overhead Scoreboard in a Distribution Center. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 31 (3), 196-209.

 

Camden, M.C., Price, V.A., & Ludwig, T.D. (2011).  Reducing Absenteeism and Rescheduling among Grocery Store Employees with Point-Contingent Rewards.  Journal of Organizational Behavior Management 31 (2), 140-149.

 

Ludwig, T.D., Geller, E.S., & Clarke, S.W. (2010).  The additive impact of group and individual publicaly-displayed feedback:  Examining individual response patterns and response generalization in a safe-driving occupational intervention.  In Performance Psychology: Theory and Application in Industry, Sports, and Behavioral Healthcare (Luiselli, J.K. Editor). A special issue of Behavior Modification, 34 (5), 338-366.

 

Ludwig, T.D., & Ludwig, D.J. (2010).  Teaching with Purpose: An Interview with Thomas E. Ludwig.  Teaching of Psychology, 37 (1), 69-76.

 

Goomas, D.T.  & Ludwig, T.D. (2009). Standardized Goals and Immediate Feedback Aggregated Beyond the Work-Unit:  Optimizing the use of Engineered Labor Standards and Electronic Performance Monitoring.  Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 39, 2425-2437.

 

Mihalic, M.T., & Ludwig, T.D. (2009).  Behavioral System Feedback Measurement Failure: Sweeping Quality Under the Rug.  Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 29 (2), 155-174.

 

Ludwig, T.D.  & Goomas, D.T. (2009). Real-time Performance Monitoring, Goal-Setting, and Feedback for Forklift Drivers in a Distribution Centre.  Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 82, 391-403.

 

Berglund, K.M., & Ludwig, T.D. (2009). Approaching error-free customer satisfaction through process change and feedback systems.  Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 29 (1), 19-46.

 

Rose, H.M.S., & Ludwig, T.D. (2009).  The effects of Self-Monitoring, Task Clarification, and Performance Feedback on Lifeguard Cleaning Behaviors. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 29 (1), 69-79.

 

Amigo, S., Smith, A., & Ludwig, T.D. (2008).  Using Task Clarification and Feedback to Decrease Busing Times in a Franchise Pizza Restaurant.  Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 28 (3), 176-187.

 

Doll, J., Livesey, J., McHaffie, E., & Ludwig, T.D. (2007).  Keeping an uphill edge: managing cleaning behaviors at a ski shop. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 27 (3), 41-60.

 

Ludwig, T.D., & Goomas, D.T. (2007). Performance, Accuracy, Data Delivery, and Feedback methods in Order Selection:  A comparison of Voice, Handheld, and Paper Technologies. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 27 (1), 69-107.

 

Goomas, D.T., & Ludwig, T.D. (2007). Enhancing Incentive Programs with Proximal Goals And Immediate Feedback:  Engineered Labor Standards And Technology Enhancements In Stocker Replenishment.  Journal of Organizational Behavior Management 27 (1), 33-68.

 

Berger, S.M., & Ludwig, T.D. (2007).  Voice assisted technology providing immediate feedback to reduce employee errors.  Journal of Organizational Behavior Management 27 (1), 1-31.

 

Stephens, S.D., & Ludwig, T.D. (2005).  Improving anesthesia nurse compliance with Universal Precautions using group goals and public feedback.  Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 25 (2), 37-71.

 

Ludwig, T.D., Buchholz, C., & Clarke, S.W. (2005). Using Social Marketing to Increase the Use of Helmets among Bicyclists.  Journal of American College Health, 54 (1), 51-58.

 

Bateman, M.J. & Ludwig, T.D. (2003). Managing distribution quality through an adapted incentive program with tiered goals and feedback. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 23 (1), 33-55.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2002). On the Necessity of Structure in an Arbitrary World:  Using Concurrent Schedules of Reinforcement to describe Response Generalization.  Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 21 (4), 13-38.

Special Issue of the Journal of Organizational Behavior Management critiquing Ludwig (2002) included commentaries by Houchins & Boyce (2002), Austin & Wilson (2002), and Geller (2002).

 

Ludwig, T.D., Biggs, J., Wagner, S., & Geller, E.S. (2002). Using public feedback and competitive rewards to increase the Safe Driving Behaviors of Pizza Deliverers. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 21 (4), 75-104.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2001). Steps to successful field-based research: An OBM journey. 

      Part 1: Choose a study population.  OBM Network News, 15 (2), 5-8.

Ludwig, T.D. (2002). Steps to successful field-based research: An OBM journey. 

      Part 2: Do a behavior analysis.  OBM Network News, 16 (1), 3-7.

Ludwig, T.D. (2002). Steps to successful field-based research: An OBM journey. 

      Part 3: Create a data collection protocol and designing for functional control.  OBM Network News, 16 (2), 5-10.

 

Ludwig, T.D., & Geller, E.S. (1999).  Behavioral impact of a corporate driving policy: Undesirable side-effects reflect countercontrol. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 19 (2), 25-34.

 

Ludwig, T.D., & Geller, E.S. (1999). Behavior change among agents of a community safety program:  Pizza deliverers advocate community safety belt use. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 19 (2), 3-24.

 

Ludwig, T.D., Gray, T.W., & Rowell, A. (1998).  Increasing recycling in academic buildings: A systematic replication.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 31, 683-686.

 

Ludwig, T.D., & Geller, E.S. (1997).  Assigned versus participatory goal setting and response generalization:  Managing injury control among professional pizza deliverers.  Journal of Applied Psychology, 82 (2), 253-261.

Ludwig & Geller (1997) has been cited in the following textbooks:

Bailey, J.S. & Burch, M.R. (2002).  Research Methods in Applied Behavior Analysis. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Landy, F.J. & Conte, J.M. (2004).  Work in the 21st Century: An introduction to industrial and organizational psychology.  New York: McGraw-Hill.

Riggio, R.E. (2003).  Introduction to industrial/organizational psychology (4th Ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.

Cooper, C.L. & Locke, E.A. (2000). Industrial and Organizational Psychology:  Linking Research with Practice.  Malden, MA: Blackwell.

Spector, P.E. (2006).  Industrial & Organizational Psychology: Research and Practice.  New York: Wiley.

Lieberman, D.A. (2000).  Learning:  Behavior and Cognition.  Wadsworth.

Pyrczak, F. (1999).  A Cross Section of Psychological Research.  Los Angeles, Pyrczak. 

Lowenberg, G., & Conrad, K.A. (1998).  Current perspectives in Industrial/Organizational Psychology.  Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Goodwin, C.J. (1998).  Research in Psychology: Methods and Design.  New York: Wiley.

Geller, E.S. (1996).  The Psychology of Safety.  Randor Penn: Chilton.

 

Glindemann, K.E., Geller, E.S., & Ludwig, T.D. (1996).  Behavioral Intentions and Blood Alcohol Concentrations:  A Relationship for Prevention Interventions.  Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 41 (2), 120-134.

 

Ludwig T.D.  (1995).  Hear Ye Graduate Students (and the rest of us): Ten Issues Currently Emerging in I/O Psychology.  North Carolina Industrial Organizational Psychologists Newsletter, 1 (2), 3.

 

Ludwig, T.D., & Geller, E.S. (1991).  Improving the Driving Practices of Pizza Deliverers:  Potential Moderating Effects of Age and Driving Record.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 24 (1), 31-44.

Ludwig & Geller (1991) has been cited in the following textbooks:

Bailey, J.S. & Burch, M.R. (2002).  Research Methods in Applied Behavior Analysis. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Gravetter, F.J. & Forzano, L.B (2006). Research Methods for the Behavioral Sciences.  Wadsworth: Belmont, CA.

Sarafino, E.P. (1996).  Principles of Behavior Change.  New York: Wiley.

Kazdin, A.E. (1994).  Behavior Modification in Applied Settings.  Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole.

Miltenberger, R.G. (2004).  Behavior Modification: Principles and Procedures (3rd Ed.).  Belmont, CA: Thomson/Wadsworth.

Geller, E.S. (1996). The Psychology of Safety: How to Improve Behaviors and Attitudes on the Job. Randor, PA: Chilton.

 

Geller, E.S., & Ludwig, T.D. (1991).  A Behavior Change Taxonomy for Improving Road Safety.  In Proceedings of the OECD International Road Safety Symposium, September 19-21,1990, Copenhagen, Denmark.

 

Bergholz, K.S., Wangler, J., & Ludwig, T.D. (1990).  Increasing safety belt use in community settings:  An examination of different intervention strategies.  Virginia Journal of Science, 41 (2), 116.

 

Geller, E.S., Berry, T.D., Ludwig, T.D, Evans, R.E., Gilmore, M.R., & Clarke, S.W. (1990).  A Conceptual Framework for Developing and Evaluating Behavior Change Interventions for Injury Control.  Health Education Research: Theory and Practice, 5 (2), 125-137.

 

Geller, E.S., Ludwig, T.D., Gilmore, M.R., & Berry, T.D. (1990).  A Taxonomy of Behavior Change: Techniques for Community Intervention.  The Community Psychologist, 23 (2), 4-6.

 

Editorials, Magazine & Newsletter Articles, and Published Book Reviews

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2015).  Groceries should be labeled – Not people:  Ask employees to “do” something, not “be” something.  Industrial Safety & Hygiene News, 49 (8) 88.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2015).  A Culture of Reporting goes beyond Injury Rates.  Industrial Safety & Hygiene News, 49 (6) 72.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2015).  When Complacency Creeps in: Identify, Observe & Discuss drifts in performance.  Industrial Safety & Hygiene News, 49 (2) 91.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2014).  How to give feedback: It should be a conversation, not a lecture. Industrial Safety & Hygiene News, 48 (10) 78.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2014).  Don’t let your exhortations ring hollow: Be disciplined when using words to create action. Industrial Safety & Hygiene News, 48 (7) 58.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2014).  Checklist success: You don’t want a pile of identical photocopies. Industrial Safety & Hygiene News, 48 (4) 42-44.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2014).  Trolling for rule-breaking behavior: But are you missing root causes beneath the surface?. Industrial Safety & Hygiene News, 48 (1) 58.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2013).  Dangers of driving on autopilot. Industrial Safety & Hygiene News, 47 (10) 34-36.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2013).  Thank someone for working safe? Industrial Safety & Hygiene News, 47 (7) 58.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2013).  Safety processes need constant reinforcement. Industrial Safety & Hygiene News, 47 (5) 30-32.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2013).  It takes Thick Skin: Resilient Resolve handles Complaints and Ridicule. Industrial Safety & Health News, 47 (2) 20-21.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2012).  Editorial. Ramona Houmanfar to be Next Editor of the Journal of Organizational Behavior Management. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 32 (4), 1-2.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2012).  The immense challenge in South African mines:  Don’t shrink from building a safety culture.  Industrial Safety & Hygiene News, 46 (10) 52-54.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2012).  Editorial. Current Issue Contents. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 32 (3), 1-2.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2012).  Saved by rock and roll: Dad gets a safety lesson from his son.  Industrial Safety & Hygiene News, 46 (6) 60-61.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2012).  Editorial. A continued look at the Journal of Organizational Behavior Management over the past decade. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 32 (2), 1-2.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2012).  Tumbling down the Stairs: Who takes responsibility for on injured intern.  Industrial Safety & Hygiene News, 46 (2) 20-21.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2012).  Editorial. Current Issue Contents. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 32 (1), 1-2.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2011).  Put your Reputation on the Line:  Show Safety’s Value in Time and Money.  Industrial Safety & Hygiene News, 45 (10) 54.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2011).  Its all about Ownership.  Industrial Safety & Hygiene News, 45 (6).36-38.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2011).  What you Learn from Falling on you Butt.  Industrial Safety & Hygiene News, 45 (5), 38-39.

 

Ludwig, T.D. & Hyten, C. (2011).  Editorial. Celebrating Reports From the Field. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 31 (3), 161-162.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2011).  Editorial. Celebrating Research Reports. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 31 (2), 95-96.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2011).  Editorial. Current Issue Contents. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 31 (1), 1-2.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2010).  Editorial. New Associate Editors. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 30 (4), 283-284.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2010).  Editorial. Consumer Behavior Analysis. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 30 (3), 221.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2010).  When Dad is a Safety Geek.  Industrial Safety & Hygiene News, 44 (6), pp. 30.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2010).  Editorial. Reports from the Field. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 30 (1), 1-2.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2009).  Editorial. Goals for JOBM. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 29 (1), 1-2.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2008).  Leading Safety Culture Change.  Linkage, 4, 16-18.

 

Ludwig, T.D., Alvero, A. (2008).  Our Best Foot Forward: OBM Invited Addresses at ABA Focusing on Behavior Systems and Grant Funding.  OBM Network Newsletter, 22 (1), 2 – 6.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2007).  Reinforcement Imminent.  OBM Network Newsletter, 21 (1), 2 – 3.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2006).  This Austin has no limits.  OBM Network Newsletter, 20 (3), 2 – 5.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2006).  1,900 minutes of OBM: Data, Methods, Applications, and Consultations of Organizational Behavior Management (OBM) at the Association for Behavior Analysis (ABA) annual convention.  OBM Network Newsletter, 20 (2), 6-12.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2006).  OBM Speaker Series:  Invited Events at ABA.  OBM Network Newsletter, 20 (1),  12-16.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2002). Paradigm Advisory! The Search for the Identity of Organizational Behavior Management.  Editorial.  Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 22 (2), 1-6.

 

Cato, L.K., Sykes, K.R., & Ludwig (2003). Handbook of Organizational Performance: Behavior Analysis and Management.  Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 22 (4), 59-69.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (1999). The Utility of Traffic Psychology Research: A Review of Rothergatter & Vaya’s (Eds) Traffic and Transport Psychology: Theory and Application. Personnel Psychology, 52, 225-229.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (1995).  Applying Psychology in a Business World: Getting beyond Insight and Making a Difference?  Contemporary Psychology, 40 (9), 877-878.

 

Website Safety-Doc.com Invited Presentations 

Ludwig, T.D. (2014).  You Can’t Fix Stupid: Find the true root cause.  Keynote presentation at Behavioral Safety Now, Buffalo, NY

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2014).  Checklist Integrity and Procedural Adherence.  Keynote presentation at the 18th People-Based Safety Conference, Roanoke, VA.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2014).  Measuring Safety Culture: How to know what you don’t know.  Keynote presentation at the ENFORM Petroleum Safety Conference, Banff, Alberta, Canada.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2013).  Driving the Lone Worker’s Autopilot toward Situational Awareness. Behavioral Safety Now, Reno, NV.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2013).  You Can’t Fix Stupid: Turn the Lights Back On!  Keynote presentation at the 17th People-Based Safety Conference, San Antonio, TX

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2013). Enhancing Safe Behavior in People Working Alone: Driving Autopilots toward Situational Awareness.  Magistral lecture (Keynote) at the 7th European Conference on Behavior-Based Safety and Behavior Analysis, Verona, Italy.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2013). How to make an effective training: elements of Instructional Design for achieving organization's goals.  Lecture at the 7th European Conference on Behavior-Based Safety and Behavior Analysis, Verona, Italy.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2013).  The ABC’s of 1’s and 0’s: How ABA is Taking over the World and Doesn’t even Know It.  Invited address.  Kansas Association for Behavior Analysis annual meeting, Lawrence, KS.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2012).  Metacontingencies are out to change the world.  Invited address.  Swedish Association for Behavior Analysis annual meeting, Stockholm, Sweden.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2012).  Its not my car!  The Participation Factor.  Keynote Address.  Behavioral Safety Now, Jacksonville, FL.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2012).  The Anatomy of Pencil Whipping. Behavioral Safety Now, Jacksonville, FL.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2012). Organizational Behavior Management: Beyond Behavioral Safety.  Magistral lecture (Keynote) at the 6th European Conference on Behavior-Based Safety and Behavior Analysis, Rome, Italy.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2012). The Science Behind Behavior-Based Safety Processes.  Lecture at the 6th European Conference on Behavior-Based Safety and Behavior Analysis, Rome, Italy.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2012).  Everything I Know about Metacontingencies I Learned from my Kids.  North Carolina Association for Behavior Analysis, Winston-Salem, NC.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2011).  Leading Health, Safety, and Environment (HSE) Transformation in your Organization.  HSE Transformational Leadership in the Nigerian Oil and Gas Industry. Abuja, Nigeria.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2011).  The Research behind Behavior-Based Safety.  Keynote Address, Safety Culture Forum, Beijing, China.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2011).  Everything I Know about Metacontingencies I Learned from my Kids.  Southeastern Association for Behavior Analysis, Charlotte, NC.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2011).  Behavioral Ecology and Response Generalization: On the Necessity of Structure in an Arbitrary World.  Invited Colloquium presented to the Department of Psychology, University of Nevada. Reno, NV.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2011).  Everything I Know about Safety I Learned from my Kids.  Keynote address, Behavioral Safety Now, Reno NV.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2011).  Applied Behavior-Based Safety.  Keynote Address, 1st Annual International Conference on Behavior-Based Safety and Safety Management, Beijing, China.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2011).  The Leadership of Behavior-Based Safety: Understanding variance around risk, managing fronts, and using BBS for positive culture change.  Keynote Address, Occupational Health & Safety Management Summit, Bogota, Columbia.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2011).  Its all about Ownership: It’s not my car.  Keynote Address, People-Based Safety Conference, Charlotte, NC.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2011).  Everything I Know about Metacontingencies I Learned from my Kids.  Organizational Behavior Management Conference, Tampa, FL.

 

Ludwig, T.D., & Alavosius, M. (2010).  Learning from the Best in BBS:  Panel Discussion from CCBS Accredited Companies.  General Session Panel presented at Behavioral Safety Now, Houston, TX.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2010).  The ABC’s of Behavior-Based Safety.  Invited address for Behavioral Safety Now, Houston, TX.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2010).  Everything I Know about Safety I Learned from my Kids.  Keynote address at the People-Based Safety Conference, Traverse City, MI

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2010).  How ABA Took Over the World (and didn’t even know it).  Invited address for the North Carolina Association for Behavior Analysis meetings, Winston-Salem, NC.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2009).  Behavior-Based Safety 101: The Basics.  Invited address for Behavioral Safety Now, Jacksonville, FL.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2009).  How ABA Took Over the World (and didn’t even know it).  Invited address for the Virginia Association for Behavior Analysis meetings, Harrisonburg, VA.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2009).  Strength in Numbers: Networking to Survive and Thrive.  Invited address for the OBM Behavioral Leadership Conference: Leading through Tough Times, Cocoa Beach, FL.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2008).  Successful Implementation of Safety Programs: Forward on all Fronts.  Invited Workshop address for Behavioral Safety Now, Reno, NV.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2008). Leading Safety Culture Change.  Invited address for the  American Chamber of Commerse (AmCham)12th Annual HSSE Conference & Exhibition, Trinidad, Trinidad & Tobego.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2008). Interventions to Improve the Safety of Occupational Driving.  Invited address for the International Conference on Occupational Risk Prevention, A Coruna, Spain.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2008).  How ABA has Taken over the World (but doesn’t know it).  Invited address for the California Association for Behavior Analysis meetings, Los Angeles, CA.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2007). Behavioral Ecology and Response Generalization: Creating Beneficial Side Effects within Safety Interventions.  Invited Colloquium presented to the Department of Psychology, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2007).  How ABA has Taken over the World (but doesn’t know it).  Invited address for the Nevada Association for Behavior Analysis meetings, Reno, NV.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2007). Behavioral Ecology and Response Generalization: Creating Beneficial Side Effects within Safety Interventions.  Invited Colloquium presented to the Center for Research on Occupational and Environmental Toxicology (CROET) at the Oregon Health and Science University, Portland. OR.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2007).  Step-Function Improvement for Behavior Safety Programs.  Invited Keynote address for Behavioral Safety Now, Kansas City, MO.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2007). How OBM is taking over the world and you don’t even know it.  Invited keynote address at the Behavior Management Training Leadership Conference, Darington, United Kingdom.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2007).  Forward on all Fronts: Behavior and the Performance Culture.  Invited workshop at the Behavior Management Training Leadership Conference, Darington, United Kingdom.

 

Ludwig, T.D., (2007).  A Behavior Analysis of Response Generalization in Organizational Behavior Management. Invited colloquium at Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, FL.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2007). How OBM is taking over the world and doesn’t even know it.  Invited paper presented at the Organizational Behavior Management Conference, Sarasota, FL.

 

Ludwig, T.D., (2006). The 1 – 0’s of ABC’s: The impact of technology on Performance Management.  Invited keynote at the North Carolina Industrial/Organizational Psycholgists (NCIOP) meetings, Center for Creative Leadership, Greensboro, NC.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2006).   The side-effects of behavioral based safety.  Invited Paper presented at Behavioral Safety Now, Kansas City, MO.

 

Ludwig, T.D., (2006). The 1 – 0’s of ABC’s: Performance Management and Technology.  Invited colloquium at Davidson College, Davidson, NC.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2005).  Three Chords and the Truth:  Teaching the Large Class.  Invited presentation for the Kulynych/Cline Teaching Festival, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2004). People as an Asset: HR Scorecard.  Keynote address presented at the quarterly meeting of the Supermarket Personnel Association, Lake Lure, N.C.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2004). Assessing Human Capital.  Address presented at the Winston-Salem Society for Human Resources Management, Winston-Salem, N.C.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2003).  Skinner box on wheels: Today’s short haul trucking fleets.  Invited paper presented at the Organizational Behavior Management Network Meetings, St. Pete, FL.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2001). How to motivate participation in occupational safety programming.  Invited session presented at a CDC-sponsored conference titled Injury Prevention in the New Millenium:  Changing behavior to reduce occupational injury and illness, Kalamazoo, MI.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2001). Evaluating a Taxonomy of Intervention Strategies for Behavior Change.  Invited paper presented at the Organizational Behavior Management Network Meetings, Tampa Bay, FL.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (1998).  Applied behavior analysis and industrial/organizational psychology: Intervening for occupational safety and health.  Invited address for the North Carolina Applied Behavior Analysis conference, Raleigh, NC.

 

Scholarly and Professional Presentations

 

Kretschmer, D., & Ludwig, T.D. (2015).  Assessing the Efficacy of Training Targeting Contextual Comments in Behavioral Safety Observations.  Paper presented at the annual convention of the Association for Behavior Analysis International, San Antonio, TX.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2015).  Discussant.  Lessons from the Lab: Experimental Analysis of Goal Setting, Feedback, and Incentive Pay Systems.  Symposium presented at the annual convention of the Association for Behavior Analysis International, San Antonio, TX.

 

Kretschmer, D., & Ludwig, T.D. (2014).  From Feedback to Fluency.  Poster presented at the annual convention of the Association for Behavior Analysis International, Chicago, IL.

 

Ludwig, T.D., & Copeland, J. (2014).  Increasing Sales by Managing the Interlocking Contingencies between Sales Representatives and Customers using Behavioral Self-Monitoring.  Paper presented at the annual convention of the Association for Behavior Analysis International, Chicago, IL.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2014).  Discussant.  Behavioral Community Intervention and Actively Caring: From Dream Chasing to Making a Difference.  Symposium presented at the annual convention of the Association for Behavior Analysis International, Chicago, IL.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2013) Panel Discussion.  Panel of journal editors in Industrial Organizational Psychology.  Presented at the bi-annual meeting of the North Carolina Industrial/Organizational Psychologists, Greensboro, NC.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2013).  Beyond the Success Stories:  Understanding the Behaviors that can Destroy a Behavioral Safety Program.  Symposium presented at the annual convention of the Association for Behavior Analysis International, Minneapolis, MN.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2013).  You Think your Reinforcing Participation in Behavioral Safety but your Reinforcing Pencil Whipping Instead.  Paper presented at the annual convention of the Association for Behavior Analysis International, Minneapolis, MN.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2013).  Panelist.  Finding and celebrating management practices that produce results.  Panel presented at the Organizational Behavior Management Conference hosted by the California Association for Behavior Analysis, Anaheim, CA.

 

Watts, R., Malpass, B., Byrd, A., & Ludwig, T.D. (2013).   Pinpointing and influencing “branding” behaviors in sales associates.  Poster presented at the Organizational Behavior Management Conference hosted by the California Association for Behavior Analysis, Anaheim, CA.

 

Kimura, N., Eberhardt, A., Copeland, J., & Ludwig, T.D. (2013).  Intervening to increase product knowledge and support among customer service employees at an internet retailer.  Poster presented at the Organizational Behavior Management Conference hosted by the California Association for Behavior Analysis, Anaheim, CA.

 

Blasingame, A., Desai, P., Hale, S., & Ludwig, T.D. (2013).  Increasing productivity in hand-made furniture using Organizational Behavior Management.  Poster presented at the Organizational Behavior Management Conference hosted by the California Association for Behavior Analysis, Anaheim, CA.

 

Berry, B., Swift, J., & Ludwig, T.D. (2013).  Adding a verbal behavior chain to checkout behaviors among sales associates.  Poster presented at the Organizational Behavior Management Conference hosted by the California Association for Behavior Analysis, Anaheim, CA.

 

Alavosius, M., Ludwig, T.D., Kernan, D. (2012).  Cambridge Center BBS Accreditation: What is is and how it sustains outstanding safety performance?  Workshop presented at Behavioral Safety Now, Reno, NV.

 

Ludwig, T.D.  & Austin, J.A. (2012).  Turning Ownership Over To The Employees: A Management "Practice" That Yielded Results.  Paper presented at the Association for Behavior Analysis International, Seattle, WA.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2012).  Symposium Chairperson.  A Review Of Management Practices That Produce Results In Behavioral Safety.  Symposium presented at the Association for Behavior Analysis International, Seattle, WA.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2012).  Panelist.  Professional Development Series: Attaining Success in Organizational Behavior Management: Expert advice from prominent figures in the field.  Panel presented at the Association for Behavior Analysis International, Seattle, WA.

 

Boitnott, M.K., & Ludwig, T.D. (2012).  The cost of participation:  reducing response effort to increase participation and quality in peer-to-peer observations.  Paper presented at the Association for Behavior Analysis International, Seattle, WA.

 

Alavosius, M., Ludwig, T.D., Sigurdsson, S. (2011).  Cambridge Center BBS Accreditation: What is is and how it sustains outstanding safety performance?  Workshop presented at Behavioral Safety Now, Reno, NV.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2011).  Assessing Safety Culture:  How to know what you may not know.  Workshop presented at Behavioral Safety Now, Reno, NV.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2011).  The LEADership Card for Safety.  Presentation at Behavioral Safety Now, Reno, NV.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2011).  Leading Safety.  Workshop at the People-Based Safety Conference, Charlotte, NC.

 

Reimer, D. (Chair); Alavosius, M.A., Ludwig, T.D., & Wells, J.P. (Panel) (2011).  Monetary Analysis: Measuring and Intervention’s value.  Panel presented at the Association for Behavior Analysis International conference, Denver, CO.

 

Boitnott, M., McDaniel, K., Whitehead, R., Melton, K., & Ludwig, T.D. (2011).  Using a Simplified Performance Matrix to Improve Up-selling in a Home Improvement Store. Poster presented at the Association for Behavior Analysis International conference, Denver, CO.

 

Dostovic, E., Frazier, C.B., Talbert, K., & Ludwig, T.D. (2011).  The Effect of Distal and Proximal Prompts on the Correct Use of Two Required Phrases. Poster presented at the Organizational Behavior Management Conference, Tampa, FL. 

 

Lyons, M., Brunson, C., Middleton, A., Felty, R., & Ludwig, T.D. (2011). Using a Token Economy to Improve Sales Floor Sincerity among Grocery Store Stockers. Poster presented at the Organizational Behavior Management Conference, Tampa, FL.

 

Boitnott, M., McDaniel, K., Whitehead, R., Melton, K., & Ludwig, T.D. (2011).  Sales Associate Behavior Assessment and Intervention. Poster presented at the Organizational Behavior Management Conference, Tampa, FL.

 

Ludwig, T.D., & Alavosius, M. (2010).  Cambridge Center BBS Accreditation: What is is and how it sustains outstanding safety performance?  Workshop presented at Behavioral Safety Now, Houston, TX.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2010).  Strategic Safety Leadership.  Workshop at the People-Based Safety Conference, Traverse City, MI.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2010) Chairperson.  Behavioral approaches to pandemic planning and prevention in Hospital Settings.  Symposium presented at the annual conference of the Association for Behavioral Analysis International, Austin, TX.

 

Grosshuesch, A., Ludwig, T.D. & Frazier, C. (2010).  Behavioral Systems Planning for a Pandemic in a Major Regional Medical Center to Assure Staff Availability.  Paper presented at the annual conference of the Association for Behavioral Analysis International, Austin, TX.

 

Ludwig, T.D., Harshbarger, D., & Hopkins, B.L. (2010).  Sustaining world-class safety performance through innovation. Paper presented at the annual conference of the Association for Behavioral Analysis International, Austin, TX.

 

Ludwig, T.D., & Harshbarger, D. (2010).  Back from the Brink:  Using Behavioral Based Safety to management safety after a Three-fold increase in production.  Paper presented at the annual conference of the Association for Behavioral Analysis International, Austin, TX.

 

Alavosius, M. P., Harshbarger, D., & Ludwig, T.D. (2010).  An Electrical Contractor adopts and adjusts a Proven System. Paper presented at the annual conference of the Association for Behavioral Analysis International, Austin, TX.

 

Smith, A, Huelsman, T., Bergman, J., & Ludwig, T.D. (2010).  Adaptability: Does a Manager’s Competency Matter after Culture is Controlled? Paper presented at the annual conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Atlanta, GA.

 

Ludwig, T.D. & Diener, L.H. (2010).  Know your System, Know their Behaviors, No Problem. Workshop for the North Carolina Association for Behavior Analysis meetings, Winston-Salem, NC.

 

Ludwig, T.D., & Alavosius, M. (2009).  Cambridge Center BBS Accreditation: What is is and how it sustains outstanding safety performance?  Workshop presented at Behavioral Safety Now, Jacksonville, FL.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2009).  Thinking Strategically about Safety.  Presentation at the People-Based Safety Conference, Denver, CO.

 

Herron, M.E., Grosshuesch, A., Henderson, T.L, & Ludwig, T.D. (2009). Comparing functional assessment methods in pinpointing performance problems: Performance Diagnostic Checklist vs. Behavioral Systems Approach.  Poster to presented at the annual conference of the Association for Behavior Analysis, Phoenix, AZ.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2009). Discussant. Recent Research in OBM and BBS.  Symposium presented at the annual conference of the Association for Behavior Analysis, Phoenix, AZ.

 

Grosshuesch, A, Chang, A., Meier, I, Ludwig, T.D., & Henderson, T.L. (2009). Promoting Underutilized Trainers by adapting Salespersons’ Verbal Behaviors with Customers.  Paper at the annual conference of the Association for Behavior Analysis, Phoenix, AZ.

 

Bumgardner, S, &  Ludwig, T.D. (2009). Evaluating Peer Feedback on the Safety Behaviors of Landscapers.  Paper presented at the annual conference of the Association for Behavior Analysis, Phoenix, AZ.

 

Lackey, M., Lanzendorfer, L, Boyles, A., & Ludwig, T.D. (2009). The Effect of Task Clarification, Goal Setting, and Supervisor Feedback on Increasing Electronic Updating of a Police Software System. Poster presented at the OBM Behavioral Leadership Conference, Cocoa Beach, FL.

 

Henderson, T., Herron, B, & Ludwig, T.D. (2009). Behavioral Systems Analysis and Cross Functional Communication at the Managerial Level. Poster presented at the OBM Behavioral Leadership Conference, Cocoa Beach, FL.

 

Bumgardner, S, &  Ludwig, T.D. (2009). Evaluating Peer-to-Peer Observation and Feedback on use of Personal Protective Equipment. Poster presented at the OBM Behavioral Leadership Conference, Cocoa Beach, FL.

 

Camden, M.C., & Ludwig, T.D. (2008).  Absenteeism in Healthcare:  Using Metacontingencies to Reinforce Attendance with Certified Nursing Assistants.  Paper presented at the annual conference of the Association for Behavior Analysis, Chicago, IL.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2008). Invited Symposium Chairperson.  Total Contingency Integration: Behavioral Systems in OBM. Invited Symposium presented at the annual conference of the Association for Behavior Analysis, Chicago, IL.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2008).  Discussant.  Behavioral Approaches to Environmental Consciousness and Sustainable Practices. (Plowman Stratton, J. Chariperson) Symposium presented at the annual conference of the Association for Behavior Analysis, Chicago, IL.

 

Harshbarger, D., Ludwig, T.D., & Alavosius, M. (2007).  Behavioral Safety Accreditation: Why it is Good for your Company?  How do we become accredited?  Workshop presented at Behavioral Safety Now, Kansas City, MO.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2007). Symposium Chairperson.  Improving Healthcare Behaviors and Outcomes with Applied Behavior Analysis. Symposium presented at the annual conference of the Association for Behavior Analysis, San Diego, CA.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2007). Symposium Chairperson  Recent Research in Organizational Behavior Management. Symposium presented at the annual conference of the Association for Behavior Analysis, San Diego, CA.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2007).  Discussant.  OBM Success and Failure: Business and Project Case Studies. (Lees, H.J. Chariperson) Symposium presented at the annual conference of the Association for Behavior Analysis, San Diego, CA.

 

Mihalic, M. & Ludwig, T.D. (2007). The use of Feedback and Disincentive Reversal to Decrease Delivery Errors. Paper presented at the annual conference of the Association for Behavior Analysis, San Diego, CA.

 

Berglund, K. & Ludwig, T.D. (2007). The Effects of Process Change, Feedback, and Incentive System on Quality. Paper presented at the annual conference of the Association for Behavior Analysis, San Diego, CA.

 

Gravinese, K.R. & Ludwig, T.D. (2007). Differential Staffing Reinforcement in a Nursing Home Reduced Response Latency to Call Bells. Paper presented at the annual conference of the Association for Behavior Analysis, San Diego, CA.

 

Grattan, L., Hardesty, A., O’Neal, B. & Ludwig, T.D. (2007). Improvement of Customer Safety in a Pharmacy:  Task Clarification, Goal Setting, and Feedback. Paper presented at the annual conference of the Association for Behavior Analysis, San Diego, CA.

 

Alavosius, M.P., Ludwig, T.D., & Harshbarger, D. (2007). Cambridge Center Accreditation of Workplace Safety Programs.  Panel Discussion presented at the annual conference of the Association for Behavior Analysis, San Diego, CA.

 

DeRiso, A., Rusken, C., & Ludwig, T.D. (2007). Task Clarification of Cleaning and Restocking Behaviors for a Fine Dining Restaurant.  Poster presented at the OBM Conference, Sarasota, FL.

 

Gravinese, K., & Ludwig, T.D. (2007). Dirty Laundry and Dirty Dishes: Reducing Call Bell Response Latency by Altering Contingencies Through Differential Staffing Reinforcement.  Poster presented at the OBM Conference, Sarasota, FL.

 

Bowling, J., Squires, S., & Ludwig, T.D. (2007). Increasing Customer Satisfaction Ratings Based on Housekeeper Cleaning Behaviors.  Poster presented at the OBM Conference, Sarasota, FL.

 

Amigo, S., Smith, A., & Ludwig, T.D. (2007). Using Task Clarification and Feedback to Decrease Cleaning and Cash Register Times in a Franchise Pizza Restaurant.  Poster presented at the OBM Conference, Sarasota, FL.

 

Rose, H., Martin, H.M., & Ludwig, T.D. (2007). The Effects of Task Clarification, Self-Monitoring, and Performance Feedback on Lifeguard Cleaning and Safety Behaviors.  Poster presented at the OBM Conference, Sarasota, FL.

 

Grattan, L, Hardesty, A., O’Neal, B., & Ludwig, T.D. (2007). Improvement of Customer Safety in a Pharmacy:  Task Clarification, Goal Setting, and Feedback.  Poster presented at the OBM Conference, Sarasota, FL.

 

Carmden, M.C., Price, V.A., & Ludwig, T.D. (2007). The Effectiveness of a Token Economy and Feedback on Rescheduling Behaviors among Grocery Store Employees.  Poster presented at the OBM Conference, Sarasota, FL.

 

Harshbarger, D.,  Ludwig, T.D., & Alavosius, M. (2006).  Behavioral Safety Accreditation: How to do it and Why it is Good for your Company.  Workshop presented at Behavioral Safety Now, Kansas City, MO.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2006) Symposium Chairperson. Technology in Organizational Behavior Management (OBM): Providing Immediate Feedback and Proximate Goals.  Symposium presented at the annual conference of the Association for Behavior Analysis, Atlanta, GA.

 

Goomas, D. & Ludwig, T.D. (2006). Enhancing Incentive Programs with Proximal Goals and Immediate Feedback:  Engineered Labor Standards and Technology Enhancements in Stocker Replenishment.  Paper presented at the annual conference of the Association for Behavior Analysis, Atlanta, GA.

 

Berger, S. & Ludwig, T.D. (2006). Voice Assisted Technology providing Immediate Feedback to Reduce Employee Errors.  Paper presented at the annual conference of the Association for Behavior Analysis, Atlanta, GA.

 

Ludwig, T.D. & Goomas, D. (2006). Voice Picking versus Bar Code Scanner:  Providing Immediate Feedabck to Increase Productivity and Reduce Errors.  Paper presented at the annual conference of the Association for Behavior Analysis, Atlanta, GA.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2006).  Discussant. Bringing Applied Behavior Analysis into the Healthcare Setting.  Symposium presented at the annual conference of the Association for Behavior Analysis, Atlanta, GA.

 

Livesey, J., Doll, J., & Ludwig, T.D. (2006). Keeping an Uphill Edge: Using the PDC and PIC/NIC Analysis to Identify and Manage Cleaning Behaviors at a Ski Shop. Paper presented at the annual conference of the Association for Behavior Analysis, Atlanta, GA.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2006).  Human Performance Technologies:  Delivering Real-Time Feedback to Manage Employee Behaviors.  Paper presented at the History, Technology, & Economy workshop, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC.

 

Ludwig, T.D., (2006). Reducing blood-borne pathogen exposure among nurses through behavioral interventions.  Poster presented at the annual conference of the Society for Behavioral Medicine, San Francisco, CA.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2005).  Conference Program Chairperson.  State of the Art OBM: Optimizing the transition between research and practice.  Organizational Behavior Management Conference, Sarasota, FL. 

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2005).  Optimizing the transition between research and practice: Mutual reinforcement. Chairperson remarks. Organizational Behavior Management Conference, Sarasota, FL.

 

Doll, J., McHaffy, L., Livesey, J., & Ludwig, T.D. (2005).  Keeping an Uphill Edge: Managing Cleaning Behaviors in a Ski Shop.  Poster presented at the Organizational Behavior Management Conference, Sarasota, FL.

 

Hubbard, B., Gravinese, K., Tanseer, R., & Ludwig, T.D. (2005).  Decreasing Response Latency to Call Bells in a Geriatric Nursing Home. Poster presented at the Organizational Behavior Management Conference, Sarasota, FL.

 Link, D., McKinney, J., Kayulic, A., & Ludwig T.D. (2005).  Reinforcing Alternate Behaviors to reduce end-of-shift cleaning that may turn away customers. Poster presented at the Organizational Behavior Management Conference, Sarasota, FL.

 

Berger, S., Link, D., & Ludwig, T.D. (2005).  An analysis of voice assisted selecting technology designed to reduce employee errors. Poster presented at the Organizational Behavior Management Conference, Sarasota, FL.

 

McKinney, J.L., Livesey, J.B., & Ludwig, T.D. (2004).  Variations of normative feedback:  Increasing the on-time delivery of distribution truck drivers.  Paper presented at the annual conference of the American Psychological Association, Honolulu, HI.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2004).    Symposium Chairperson. Data driven applications in Organizational Behavior Management (OBM).  Symposium presented at the annual conference of the Association for Behavior Analysis, Boston, MA.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2004).    Symposium Chairperson. Positive and negative reinforcement in OBM: The Jewish Mother meets positive psychology.  Symposium presented at the annual conference of the Association for Behavior Analysis, Boston MA.

 

Livesey, J.B., McKinney, J.L., & Ludwig, T.D. (2004). Presenting performance norms of group members: Do names matter? Paper presented at the annual conference of the Association for Behavior Analysis, Boston, MA.

 

Ludwig, T.D., Pennel, S., Piatt, N., & Littlejohn, T. (2003). Contrasting static-outcome goal setting with Dynamic-interim goal setting.  Paper presented at the annual conference of the Association for Behavior Analysis, San Francisco, CA.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2003).    Symposium Chairperson. Examining differing goal setting and feedback techniques to improve occupational safety behaviors.  Symposium presented at the annual conference of the Association for Behavior Analysis, San Francisco, CA.

 

Geller, E.S., symposium chair; Ludwig, T.D., discussant (2003). The Applicability of Using Self-Management Techniques in Industrial Safety and Health. Symposium presented at the annual conference of the Association for Behavior Analysis, San Francisco, CA.

 

Littlejohn, T., Biddix, J., & Ludwig, T.D. (2003).  “Be careful what you ask for:” Focusing on behavior despite the outcome. Poster presented at the Organizational Behavior Management Network Meetings, St. Pete, FL.

 

Pennell, S., Piatt, N., Randolph, K., & Ludwig, T.D. (2003).  Organizational Behavior Management’s visibility in Industrial/Organizational Psychology. Poster presented at the Organizational Behavior Management Network Meetings, St. Pete, FL.

 

Stephens, S.D., Rice, D., Graham, N., & Ludwig, T.D. (2002).  Using goal setting and feedback to increase compliance with universal precautions. Paper presented at the annual conference of the Association for Behavior Analysis, Toronto, ON, Canada.

 

Shier, L., & Ludwig, T.D. (2002).  An empirical demonstration of procrastination in graduate students. Paper presented at the annual conference of the Association for Behavior Analysis, Toronto, ON, Canada.

 

Ludwig, T.D., Phillips, H., Gilkey, J., & Justice, A. (2002).  Publicizing individual feedback with group feedback:  Capturing the resistant holdouts. Paper presented at the annual conference of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Orlando, FL.

 

Stephens, S.D., Randolph, K., Wingfield, M., Benton, J., & Ludwig, T.D. (2002).  Increasing hand washing, needle recapping, and glove wearing amoung anesthetists.  Paper presented at the annual conference of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Orlando, FL.

 

Ludwig, T.D., & Peret Gentil, S. (2001).  The impact of a safe driving competition on winners and non-winners.  Paper presented at the annual conference of the Association for Behavior Analysis, New Orleans, LA.

 

Bateman, M. & Ludwig, T.D. (2001). Managing Quality in Industry Through an Adapted Incentive Program with Tiered Goals and Feedback. Paper presented at the annual conference of the Association for Behavior Analysis, New Orleans, LA.

 

Geller, E.S. symposium chairperson; Ludwig, T.D., Discussant  (2001).  Community analysis and intervention for public health and safety. Symposium presented at the annual conference of the Association for Behavior Analysis, New Orleans, LA.

 

Ludwig, T.D., Austin, J., Bailey, J., & Geller, E.S. - Panelists (2001). Response Generalization:  Does it Exist in OBM, and if so, How Should We Define it?  Ryan Olson, Chair.  Panel Discussion presented at the annual conference of the Association for Behavior Analysis, New Orleans, LA.

 

Peret-Gentil, S., Beckman, L. & Ludwig, T.D. (2001).  The “Super Bowl” of performance management.  Paper presented at the Organizational Behavior Management Network Meetings, Tampa Bay, FL.

 

Jenkins, A., Shier, L. & Ludwig, T.D. (2001).  A comparison between cumulative verses percentage-based graphing.  Paper presented at the Organizational Behavior Management Network Meetings, Tampa Bay, FL.

 

Bateman, M., Beckman, L. & Ludwig, T.D. (2001).  Using tiered goals, feedback, and incentives to increase quality at a distribution warehouse.  Paper presented at the Organizational Behavior Management Network Meetings, Tampa Bay, FL.

 

Keyes, C., Cooksey, B. & Ludwig, T.D. (2001).  Demonstration of statistical process control.  Paper presented at the Organizational Behavior Management Network Meetings, Tampa Bay, FL.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2000). Symposuim Chairperson.  Predicting safe occupational driving. Symposium presented at the 15th annual conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, New Orleans, LA.

 

Ludwig, T.D., & Hairston, D., (2000). Evaluating Multiple Predictors with Safe Driving Behaviors of Part-Time Deliverers. Paper presented at the 15th annual conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, New Orleans, LA.

 

Ludwig, T.D., Johnson, H., & Bateman, M. (2000).  Catching those who fall through the cracks:  Adding public individualized feedback to group goal setting.  Paper presented at the annual conference of the Association for Behavior Analysis, Washington, DC.

 

Geller, E.S., Ludwig, T.D., & Clark, R. (2000).  What kind of behavioral safety feedback?  Paper presented at the annual conference of the Association for Behavior Analysis, Washington, DC.

 

Glindemann, K.E., Symposium Chairperson (2000). Behavioral Observations of alcohol consumption in naturalistic settings.  Timothy D. Ludwig, Discussant.  Symposium presented at the annual conference of the Association for Behavior Analysis, Washington, DC.

 

Gibson, P.E., & Ludwig, T.D. (2000).  Handicapped lables’ effects on infant’s perceived attractiveness. Paper presented at the Southeastern Psychological Association conference, New Orleans, LA.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (1999).  Systematic treatments of goal setting and feedback to increase safe driving among pizza deliverers.  Invited address for the Organizational Behavior Management Network meetings, Daytona, FL.

 

Fredda, J., Riddle, D., & Ludwig, T.D. (1999).  The effects of proximal and distal goal setting on academic performance.  Paper presented at the Industrial/Organizational-Organizational Behavior Graduate Conference, Fairfax, VA.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (1999): Symposium Chairperson.  Reducing Adolescent Risk Behavior: Alcohol, Bike Helmet Use, and Driving Safety.  Symposium presented at the Southeastern Psychological Association conference, Savannah, GA.

 

Hairston, D., Johnson, H., Price, D., & Ludwig, T.D. (1999). Sensation Seeking and Impulsivity as Predictors of Driving Behaviors.  Paper presented at the Southeastern Psychological Association conference, Savannah, GA.

 

Walker, N.R., Stearns, D., Poole, A., & Ludwig, T.D. (1999).  Peer Agents, Pledge Cards, and Accessibility to Promote Bike Helmet Use. Paper presented at the Southeastern Psychological Assoication conference, Savannah, GA.

 

Pham, T., Mackie, L., & Ludwig, T.D. (1999).  Increasing Driving Safety in Pizza Deliverers using Community Publicity. Paper presented at the Southeastern Psychological Association conference, Savannah, GA.

 

Johnson, M.J., Clarke, S.W., Ludwig T.D., Walker, R.W., & Messick, B. (1999).  Increasing bike helmet use on a college campus:  The Grateful Head project.  Paper presented at the Association for Behavior Analysis conference, Chicago, IL.

 

Hairston, D., Johnson, H., & Price, D. (T. Ludwig, mentor) (1999). "Impulsive pizza": Investigating the relationship between specific personality traits and safe driving behavior.  Paper presented at the Appalachian State University Research Day.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (1998). Symposuim Chairperson.  Predicting, training, and motivating safe driving behaviors in delivery occupations. Symposium presented at the 13th annual conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Dallas, TX.

 

Caplinger, J.A., Ludwig, T.D., & Benton, Y. (1998).  Providing pizza deliverers normative feedback and rewards for safe driving. Paper presented at the 13th annual conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Dallas, TX.

 

Biggs, J., Ludwig T.D., & Reynolds, S. (1998).  Proximal versus distal goal setting as a safe driving intervention. Paper presented at the 13th annual conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Dallas, TX.

 

Terrizzi, T., Edwards, S., McInnis, M.C., & Ludwig, T.D., (1998).  Delivering safely:  Multiple predictors for selecting safe deliverers. Paper presented at the 13th annual conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Dallas, TX.

 

Cober, R.T., Ludwig, T.D., Kapp, C., & Stewart, S. (1998).  Validation of team-based structured decision making:  Predicting mortgage loan application acceptance or denial rates.  Paper presented at the Industrial/Organizational-Organizational Behavior Graduate Student Conference, San Diego, CA.

 

Clarke, S.W., Ludwig, T.D., Avis, M., & Michael, P. (1997).  Behavior-based strategies for increasing safe driving practices.  Paper presented at the Behavior Now Conference, Houston, TX.

 

Wiegand, D., Biggs, J., Terrizzi, T., & Ludwig, T. (1997).  The effects of normative feedback and competition on pizza delivery drivers.  Paper presented at the Organizational Behavior Management Network meetings, Orlando, FL.

 

Ludwig, T.D., Wagner, S., & Dodd, J.D. (1997).  Addressing driver safety using goal setting interventions with pizza deliverers.  Paper presented at the annual conference of the Society of Behavioral Medicine, San Francisco, CA.

 

Clarke, S.W., Michael, P.G., Guillaumot, J.J., & Ludwig, T.D. (1997).  Behavioral science approaches to improving the driving of delivery employees.  Paper presented at the 12 annual conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, St. Louis, MO.

 

Best, E.A., Ludwig, T.D., Cober, R. T., & Terrizzi, T. (1997).  Validation of team-based decision making: Predicting mortgage loan decisions. Paper presented at the annual conference of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.

 

Cober, R.T., Ludwig, T.D., & Best, E. (1997).  Validation of team-based structured decision making:  Predicting mortgage loan application acceptance or denial rates.  Paper presented at the Industrial/Organizational-Organizational Behavior Graduate Student Conference, Roanoke, VA.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (1997).  Symposium Chairperson.  Promoting driving safety among adolescents, college-aged, and working adults.  Symposium presented at the annual conference of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.

 

Geller, E.S. (1997).  Large-scale intervention to improve health, safety, and the environment.  Timothy Ludwig, Discussant.  Symposium presented at the annual conference of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.

 

Wagner, S., Ludwig, T.D., Edwards, S. & Drake, D. (1997).  Normative versus group feedback interventions on pizza deliverers' driving behaviors.  Paper presented at the annual conference of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.

 

Rowell, A., Ludwig, T.D., & Hodges, J. (1997).  Campus recycling as a function of proximity.  Paper presented at the annual conference of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.

 

Ludwig, T.D., & Glindemann, K.E. (1996).  Psychological reactance and compliance to Goal Setting.  Paper presented at the 11th annual conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology (Division 14 APA), San Diego, CA.

 

Sparks, W.L., Ludwig, T.D., & Monetta, D.J. (1996).  The Project Appraisal Methodology:  Validating consumer mortgage loan decision making.  Paper presented at the 17th annual Industrial/Organizational/Organizational Behavior Graduate Student Conference, Toledo, OH.

 

Pietrafesa, L.R., Ludwig, T.D., & Monetta, D.J. (1996).  Focusing on the facilitator:  The next step in the success of Affinity Groups.  Paper presented at the 17th annual Industrial/Organizational/Organizational Behavior Graduate Student Conference, Toledo, OH.

 

Depasquale, J.P., Clarke, S.W., Emanuel, S., & Ludwig, T.D. (1996).  Effects of increasing bicycle helmet use on other safe biking. Paper presented at the annual conference of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Norfolk, VA.

 

Sparks, W.L., Ludwig, T.D., Monetta, D.J., & McConnell, A. (1996).  Validating consumer mortgage loan decisions:  A policy capturing approach.  Paper presented at the annual conference of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Norfolk, VA.

 

Pietrafesa, L.R., Ludwig, T.D., Monetta, D.J., & Varnado, S. (1996).  A methodology for selecting work team facilitators.  Paper presented at the annual conference of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Norfolk, VA.

 

Ludwig, T.D., & Glindemann, K.E. (1995).  The differential effect of assigned vs. participatory-set goal setting on response generalization.  Paper presented at the 10th annual conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology (Division 14 APA), Orlando, FL.

 

Ludwig, T.D., & Brendel, J. (1995).  Behavioral co-occurrence and response generalization in pervention interventions.  Paper presented at the 21st annual convention of the Association for Behavior Analysis, Washington, D.C.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (1995).  Symposium Chairperson.  Actively caring for communitywide health and safety:  Evaluations of intrinsic and extrinsic interventions.  Symposium presented at the 21st annual convention of the Association for Behavior Analysis, Washington, D.C.

 

Glindemann, K. E., & Ludwig, T. D. (1994).  Examining the relationship between intentions to consume alcohol and actual drinking behavior:  A series of field tests.  Paper presented at the 20th annual convention of the Association for Behavior Analysis, Atlanta, GA.

 

Ludwig, T.D., Geller, E.S., & Holland, M.S. (1993).  An eco-behavioral analysis of commercial driving practices:  A field study of behavioral co-occurrence.  Presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Behavior Analysis, Chicago, IL.

 

Ludwig, T.L., Geller, E.S., & Roberts, D.S. (1992).  A direct comparison between assigned versus participatory set goals:  Which one delivers?. Presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association, Washington, DC.

 

Geller, E.S. (1992).  Roundtable discussion involving:  S.R. Roberts, T.D. Ludwig, T.D. Berry, and K.E. Glindemann.   Industry and community applications of behavioral science:  Making a Difference.  Presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association, Washington, DC.

 

Roberts, D.S., Geller, E.S., & Ludwig, T.L. (1992).  Industry based research to develop an actively caring model for injury control.  Presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association, Washington, DC.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (1992).  Symposium Chairperson.  Behavioral community psychology:  Identifying attitudes, behaviors, and intentions for intervention effectiveness.  Division 27 (Regional) program at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Knoxville, TN.

 

Ludwig, T. D., Cho, S. A., & Scanlon, J. C. (1992).  Predicting individual driving behaviors and responsiveness to safe driving interventions.  Division 27 (Regional) program at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Knoxville, TN.

 

Yankay, C. L., Molnar, A.E., & Ludwig, T.L. (1991).  Can driving record and locus of control predict future driving behaviors?  Presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Association for Behavior Analysis, Charleston, SC.

 

Ludwig, T.D., Geller, E.S., & Yankay, C. (1991).  The effects of managerial feedback on pizza deliverers' intersection stopping and turn signal use.  Presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Behavior Analysis, Atlanta, GA.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (1991).  Symposium Chairperson.  Behavioral community psychology:  Intervention and assessment programs to increase quality of life.  Division 27 (Regional) program at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.

 

Ludwig, T.D., Kaly, P., & Molnar, A. (1991).  A multiple baseline test of participative versus assigned goal setting methods to promote complete intersection stopping among pizza deliverers.  Presented for Division 27 (Regional) program at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.

 

Kaly, P.W., Ludwig, T.D., & Geller, E.S. (1991).  Comparing directive versus non-directive methods of persuasion:  Getting pizza deliverers to come to a complete stop.  Appears in the Undergraduate Proceedings of the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.

 

Molnar, A.E., Ludwig, T.D., & Geller, E.S. (1991).  Locus of control as a predictor of risky driving.  Appears in the Undergraduate Proceedings of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.

 

Yankay, C.L., Ludwig, T.D., & Geller, E.S. (1991).  Does driving record predict future driving behaviors.  Appears in the Undergraduate Proceedings of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.

 

Ludwig, T.D., Geller, E.S., Berry, T.D., & Evans, R.E. (1990).  Developing behavior change interventions:  A conceptual framework and literature review.  Presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association,  Boston, MA.

 

Roberts, D.S., Ludwig, T.D., & Bergholz, K (1990).  Improving driving behaviors of pizza deliverers:  Comparing four intervention strategies.  Presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association,  Boston, MA.

 

Ludwig, T.D., Gilmore, M.R., & Wangler, J. (1990).  A comparison of educational strategies:  Reward vs. commitment.  Presented by invitation at the annual meeting of the Association for Behavior Analysis, Nashville, TN.

 

Roberts, S.D., Needleman, L.D., & Ludwig, T.D. (1990).  Exploring individual differences as moderators of intervention effectiveness.  Presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Behavior Analysis, Nashville, TN.

 

Balcazar, F.E. (1990).  Invited panel discussion involving:  T.D. Berry, T.D. Ludwig, M.R. Gilmore, A. Paine, G. White, K. Blanchard, M.L. Kessler, F. Ugalde, E.S. Geller, S.B. Fawcett, and B. Greene.  Balancing rigor and relevance in behavior analysis research.  Presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Behavior Analysis, Nashville, TN.

 

Ludwig, T.D., Geller, E.S., & Roberts, D.S. (1990).  Intervening to increase safe driving among pizza deliverers:  Tests of response generalization.  Presented by invitation for Division 27 (Regional) program at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.

 

Wrangler, J.A., Ludwig, T.D., Kollas, S. & Geller, E.S. (1990).  Applications of behavior analysis to improve the driving practices of pizza deliverers.  Presented at the Southeastern Association for Behavior Analysis Convention, Wilmington, NC.

 

Ludwig, T.D., Baker, B.A., & Gilmore, M.R. (1989).  Domino's avoids the Noid: Corporate image and safety belt promotion.  Presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.

 

Ludwig, T.D., Bergholz, K., Porter, B., & Geller, E.S. (1989).  Increasing corporate image through community safety belt promotion.  Presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Society, Arlington, VA.

 

Ludwig, T.D., Baker, B.A., & Lefkowicz, D.P. (1989).  Safety belt use among pizza delivery employees:  An evaluation of safety training interventions.  Presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Behavior Analysis, Milwaukee, WI.

 

Ludwig, T.D., & Glindemann, K.E. (1989).  Working with local police departments to increase community-wide safety belt use.  Presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association,  Washington, DC.

 

Ludwig, T.D., Hills, D.A., & Morris, J. (1989).  A question of self-determination:  The effect of adding controlling feedback to mediation models of intrinsic motivation.  Presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Washington, DC.

 

Ludwig, T.D., Hills, D.A., & Wilson, E. (1988).  Expressive self-confidence and creativity.  Presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans.

 

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION

 Grants Awarded: Internal

 

"Videoconference support for guest speakers." (1999).  Agency: Applachian State University Hubbard Center FAD grants.  Principle Investigator: Timothy D. Ludwig. Status: Funded, $865.

 

"Validating structured group decision making among bank loan officers."  (1996) Agency:  Appalachian State University Research Council (URC) Summer Research Grant.  Principle Investigator:  Timothy D. Ludwig.  Status: Funded, $791.

 

Grant Submissions: Outstanding and Not Funded

 

 Validation of a Mining Safety Culture Survey as a Tool to Direct Improvements in the Management of Mine Safety (2013). PI: Ludwig, Timothy D.  Sponsored by the Alpha Foundation, $754,000 over two years.  Status, Not Funded.

 

Validating a Behavioral Systems Analysis Tool to Improving Health & Human Service Agencies (2012), PI: Ludwig, Timothy D. Sponsored by RGK Foundation, Private. $100,000 over 2 years.  Status, Not Funded.

 

Exploration of the use of human capital measures to drive organizational performance:  a multi-firm study (2004). Agency: National Science Foundation.  Co-Principle Investigators: Garry Colman & Timothy Ludwig.  $100,000 over 1 year.  Status, Not Funded.

 

Technology-Based Safe Driving Interventions in Trucking Fleets (2003). Agency:  National Institute of Health. Co-Principle Investigators: E. Scott Geller & Timothy D. Ludwig.  $290,000 over 3 years.  Status: Accepted, priority score 267. Not Funded.

 

Safety Self-Management for Professional Drivers (2002, revised 2003, revised 2004). Agency:  National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.  Co-Principle Investigators: E. Scott Geller & Timothy D. Ludwig.  $290,000 over 3 years.  Status: Not Funded.

 

Actively Caring for KIDS Program: Community-Wide Child Vehicle Safety Interventions (Resubmission-2000). Agency:  Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.  Co-Principle Investigators: E. Scott Geller & Timothy D. Ludwig.  $155,709 over 3 years.  Status: Priority Score = 229, accepted, not funded.

 

Intervening to Increase Safe Occupational Driving Amoung Deliverers and Short-Haul Truckers (2000). Agency:  National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.  Co-Principle Investigators: E. Scott Geller & Timothy D. Ludwig.  $136,320 over 2 years. Priority Score = 262, accepted, not funded.

 

Actively Caring for KIDS Program: Community-Wide Child Vehicle Safety Interventions (1999). Agency:  Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.  Co-Principle Investigators: E. Scott Geller & Timothy D. Ludwig.  $137,866 over 3 years.  Status: Priority Score = 255, accepted, not funded.

 

Evaluating Campus-wide Normative Feedback Interventions (1999).  Agency: National Institute of Health, National Institute for Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.  Co-Principle Investigators at Appalachian State University (Subcontract): Lisa A. Curtin & Timothy D. Ludwig.  Principle Investigator at Virginia Tech (Primary Contract): E. Scott Geller. $317,000 over 5 years.  Status: accepted, not funded.

 

Industry-Based Interventions to Increase Safe Driving (1998). Agency:  National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.  Co-Principle Investigators: E. Scott Geller & Timothy D. Ludwig.  $94,000 over 2 years.  Status: Priority Score =184, accepted, not funded.

 

Increasing Intervention Effectiveness for Driving Safety (1998).  Agency: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.  Co-Principle Investigators: E. Scott Geller & Timothy D. Ludwig.  $88,000 over 2 years. Status: Priority Score= 209, Accepted, Not Funded.

 

Intervening to increase the use of safety helmets among bicyclists (1996). Agency:  Centers for Disease Control.  Co-Principle Investigators: E. Scott Geller & Timothy D. Ludwig.  $66,000 over 2 years.  Status:  Priority Score= 436, Accepted, Not Funded.

 

Behavioral Interventions to Increase Recycling in a University Setting (1996). Agency:  Frost Foundation.  Principle Investigators:  Timothy D. Ludwig.  Status:  Not Funded.

 

 

Thesis Committee Chair

 

Kretschmer, D (2015).  Assessing the Efficacy of Training Targeting Contextual Comments in Behavioral Safety Observations

 

Copeland, J. (2013).  Increasing Sales By Managing The Interlocking Contingencies Between Sales Representatives And Customers Using Behavioral Self-Monitoring.  Master Of Arts, Appalachian State University.

 

Boitnott, M. (2012).  The Cost Of Participation: Reducing Response Effort To Increase Participation And Quality In Peer-To-Peer Observations.  Master of Arts, Appalachian State University.

 

Frazier, C. (2011).  A Hierarchical Factor Analysis Of A Safety Culture Survey.  Master of Arts, Appalachian State University.

 

Grosshuesch, A.R. (2010).  Staffing a Major Academic Medical Center During a Long-Term Disaster. Master of Arts, Appalachian State University.

 

Camden, M.C. (2008). Absenteeism in healthcare:  Using metacontingency feedback to reinforce attendance with certified nursing assistants. Master of Arts, Appalachian State University.

 

Amigo, S. (2008). Behavioral Implications for Optimal Experience: Using Applied Behavior Analysis to Induce Flow States. Master of Arts, Appalachian State University.

 

Mihalic, M.T. (2007).  Measurement system failure and the effects on monetary incentive programs. Master of Arts, Appalachian State University.

 

Berglund, K.M. (2007).  Approaching error-free customer satisfaction through process change and feedback systems. Master of Arts, Appalachian State University.

 

Livesey, J. B. (2006).  The additive effects of identified public feedback among grocery distribution truck drivers. Master of Arts, Appalachian State University.

 

Lucia, J (2006). Impulsivity and conscientiousness as predictors of employee errors in a grocery distribution warehouse. Master of Arts, Appalachian State University.

 

Berger, S.M. (2005). Voice assisted technology providing immediate feedback to reduce employee errors. Bachelor of Arts with Honors, Appalachian State University.

 

Stephens, S (2002).  Using goal setting and feedback to increase compliance with Universal Precautions. Master of Arts, Appalachian State University.

 

Bateman, M. (2001).  Managing quality in industry through an adapted incentive program with tiered goals and feedback. Master of Arts, Appalachian State University.

 

Fredda, J. (1999).  The effects of proximal and distal goal setting on academic performance.  Master of Arts, Appalachian State University.

 

Cober, R. (1998).  Validation of team-based structured decision making: Predicting mortgage loan application acceptance of denial rates.  Master of Arts, Appalachian State University.

 

Thesis Committee Member

 

McKinney, J.L. (2006).  The effect of employment at-will policies on attitude toward potential employment. Master of Arts; Appalachian State University.

 

McKinney, B. (2005)

 

Stafford, J. (1999). Validity evidence for a person-job fit approach to the selection of telephone solicitors.  Master of Arts; Appalachian State University.

 

Dula, C. (1999).  Analysis of anger, impulsiveness, and locus of control, as elements of driver aggression.  Mater of Arts; Appalachian State University.

 

Buchholtz, C. (1998).  Individual difference in working memory span and reading comprehension strategies.  Master of Arts;  Appalachian State University.

 

Cloherty, K. (1997).  Predicting academic performance: The general information scholastic test. Master of Arts; Appalachian State University.

 

Larkin, P.  (1997).  Development of a general information Scholastic Aptitude Test.  Master of Arts; Appalachian State University.

 

Andrews, A.   (1996).  Psychological effects of behavioral treatment compraring diet, exercise, and diet combined with exercise interventions.  Master of Arts; Appalachian State University.

 

Yousey, G. P.  (1996).  Levels of narcissism as a function of occupation.  Master of Arts; Appalachian State University.

 

Ross, E.  (1996).  Impulsivity and multiple-choice examination performance.  Master of Arts; Appalachian State University.

 

Stroud, S. N.  (1996).  Behavioral treatment of diet, exercise, and diet combined with exercise in a work site weight loss competition.  Master of Arts; Appalachian State University.

 

Matusz, K. (1995).  Implementing a Grand Strategy System:  By what method? Masters of Industrial Engineering; Virginia Tech.

 

Editorial Reviews

Guest reviewer The Behavior Analyst, (12-24), Journal of Social PsychologyJournal of Organizational Behavior Management  (Ms. 17-01-105), (MS. 2014-0139, Ms. 40-01, Ms. 23-00, Ms. 19-99), Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis (Ms. 38-11, Ms. 91-99, Ms. 159-03, Ms. 192-06, Ms. 123-07), Journal of Applied Social Psychology (Ms. 03P0286)

Reviewer for the Handbook of Organizational Performance:  Behavior Analysis and Management. Editors:  C. Merle Johnson, William K. Redmon, and Thomas C. Mawhinney

 Textbook Reviews

Review of Current Perspectives in Industrial/Organizational Psychology. Allan & Bacon Publishing Company (March 1996).

Review of Organizational Psychology: Foundations and Applications. Houghton Mifflin Company (April 1995).

Review of Applied Behavior Analysis. Brooks/Cole Publishing Company (April, August 1995).

 

 

Technical Reports

Ludwig, T.D. (2010).  Safety Culture Assessment.  Final Report for the Newmont Mining.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2008).  Safety Culture Assessment.  Final Report for the National Enrichment (Nuclear) Facility, Louisiana Energy Services.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2008).  Safety Culture Assessment.  Final Report for TRW Automotive, Pistons Plant, Rogersville, VA.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2007).  External consultant report for the Academic Program Review for the Harold Abel School of Psychology – Industrial / Organizational Psychology M.S. & Ph.D. Programs.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2007).  Leadership of Safety Culture Assessment.  Final Report for TRW Automotive International.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2007).  Safety Culture Assessment.  Final Report for the Tennessee Valley Authority, Knoxville, TN.

 

Ludwig, T.D.,, & Huelsman (2006).  Analysis of Human Capital Scorecard Linkages between Employee Survey and Organizational Outcomes.  Final Report to Alex Lee, Inc.

 

Ludwig, T.D., (2006). Analysis of Community and Educational Programming on Prisoner Recidivism.  Allen County (Indiana) Community Corrections.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (2005). Validation and Psychometric Review of the New Dimensions Survey.  Final Report to Strategic Directions, LLC.

 

Ludwig, T.D.,, & Huelsman (2005).  Validation of Corporate Employee Cultural Survey.  Final Report to Alex Lee, Inc.

 

Ludwig, T.D., (2004).  Naval Surface Fire Support.  Final Report: 1995-2004.  Final report to the US Naval Sea Surface Command, Naval Surface Fire Support (NSFS).

 

Ludwig, T.D. (1999). Using safety agents to increase the use of helmets among bicyclists.  Final report to the UNC Injury Prevention Research Center for their Injury Control Small Grants Program.

 

Geller, E.S., Ludwig, T.D., & Clarke, S.W. (1998).  An evaluation of behavior-based interventions to increase safe driving.  Final report for Grant #5-R01-OHMH03397-01/02 awarded by the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Centers of Disease Control.

 

Ludwig, T.D., Matusz, K.M., and Sink, D.S.  (1994).  Handbook for the implementation of performance improvement based on the Peterborough Model.  Final report for a contract awarded by National Grocers Wholesale, Ltd., Ontario Canada.

 

Ludwig, T.D. (1992).  Managing work motivation within the grand strategy system framework:  A review of the body of knowledge.  Virginia Tech: Technical report sponsored by a special grant from the Department of Energy. 

 

Sink, D.S., Estes, C.B., & Ludwig, T.D. (1992).  Post-classical methods in management systems.  Final report for a special grant awarded by the Department of Energy.

 

Geller, E.S., & Ludwig, T.D. (1989).  Efficiency, safe deliveries, and safety belts.  Final report for a grant awarded by the Safety and Loss Control Council of Domino's Pizza Corporation

 

Geller, E.S., Kalsher, M.J., Clarke, S.W., & Ludwig, T.D. (1988).  The effects of selective enforcement of the Virginia Safety Belt Use Law.  Final report for a grant awarded by the Commonwealth of Virginia Department of Motor Vehicles.

 

Relevant Professional Activity

2007- present    Behavioral Safety Change Management Services.  Safety Performance Solutions.

2004-2007        Strategic Human Resources Management services,  Alex Lee Inc.

2006                  Analysis of Community and Educational Programming on Recidivism, Allen County (Indiana) Community Corrections.

2005                  Validation and Psychometric Analysis of the New Dimensions retirement survey, Strategic Directions, LLC.

1995-2004        Strategic Planning and Implementation Management, U.S. Navy, PMS 529: Naval Surface Fire Support and Program Executive Office for Expeditionary Warfare.

1999-2003        Facilitation, re-engineering NAVSEA’s Financial Management Information System, “FMIS Upgrade”, U.S. Navy, PEO’s EXW, Mine Warfare, TEAMSUB, and SPAWAR.

1998-2000        Personnel Development processes, U.S. Navy, PEO TSC: Personnel Development Team (Charted by a PEO Strategic Objective).

1992–1994        Facilitated the implementation of TQM and Business Process Re-engineering, National Grocers of Canada.

1992–1994        Facilitated the implementation of TQM, Deaconess Healthcare, Inc., Cincinnati, OH.

1985-1992          Facilitated safety interventions, created a safety training program, and produced safety video, Dominos Pizza Corporation.

 

 

 

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